Alcohol – Alcool A food-grade ethyl alcohol from grain or fruits and vegetables. Many plants are extracted in alcohol because it extracts the widest variety of constituents. Alcohol also serves as a natural emulsifier, preservative and carrier, helping ingredients penetrate the skin. Alcohol is not drying to the skin when part of a carefully formulated composition.
Fruits Alpha-Hydroxy Acids – Alfa-Idrossiacidi di Frutta Natural substances extracted from Fruits, Milk and Sugar Cane. They activate the cellular turnover and develop a gentle peeling action, hydrating and normalizing the skin.
Antioxidants – Antiossidanti Antioxidants are a class of nutrients that that help protect against cell damage from free radicals. “Free radicals,” are formed naturally when oxygen is metabolized (burned) by the body and when they roam through the body, they can cause cellular damage by disrupting the structure of other molecules. Such cell damage is believed to contribute to aging and various health problems. Well known antioxidants include vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and flavonoids.
Geranium – Geranio Its essential oil has a refreshing and toning perfume. It develops healthy toning, purifying and astringent benefits on skin. Excellent anti-inflammatory and antiseptic it has a decongesting power on body and soul. Moreover, it represents a significant help for skin with acne, varicose veins and cellulite. Its perfume, a mix of orange and rose, is excellent combined with bergamot, lavender, patchouli and rose.
Allantoin – Allantoina
Natural extract (from Aloe Vera) with restoring and healing properties. It makes skin softer and soupler.
Amino Acids – Amminoacidi Substances present in plants and animals with soothing, restoring and healing properties.
Glycine – Glicina Glycine (Gly, G), also known as aminoethanoic acid, is a nonpolar amino acid. It is the simplest of the 20 standard (proteinogenic) amino acids: its side chain is a hydrogen atom. Because there is a second hydrogen atom at the a carbon, glycine is not optically active. Since glycine has no side chain, it can fit into many places where no other amino acid can. For example, only glycine can be the internal amino acid of a collagen helix. Glycine is the most fundamental “amino acid” that there is. All other amino acids are spin-out molecules of glycine. Glycine is very evolutionarily conserved at certain positions in some proteins (for example, in cytochrome c, myoglobin, and hemoglobin), because mutations that change it to an amino acid with a larger side chain
could disrupt the protein’s structure. Most proteins contain only small quantities of glycine. A notable exception is collagen, which is about onethird glycine . Used for cosmetic preparations it prevents the microbic proliferation as safe protective element in formula.
Apigenin – Apigenina Apigenin is a flavone extracted from lemon with a significant vascularizing action.
Glycerin – Glicerina A commonly known humectant (an ingredient that attracts and holds moisture in the skin). Commonly used in rich lotions and body butters and is ideal for extra dry skin.
Glycerol – Glicerolo Glycerol is a sugar alcohol colorless, odorless, viscous liquid, widely used in pharmaceutical formulations. Used as a substitute for alcohol, as a solvent that will create a therapeutic herbal extraction, it serves as an emollient, humectant, solvent, and lubricant in personal care products.
Bearberry – Uva Ursina Bearberries are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos, they are adapted to arctic and sub-arctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe, one with a small highly disjunct population in Central America. They have antibacterial properties, antioxidant and healing properties. It also develops skin lightening action. Moreover, with its nourishing benefits it is effective in hair loss treatments.
Beech – Faggio Beech (Fagus) is a genus of ten species of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America. Its natural extract is rich in mineral salts, amino-acids, peptides, as necessary elements for the cells metabolism. It develops an effective anti-aging action on skin collagen.
Green Tea – Tè Verde Significant amounts of research have established that tea, including black, green, and white tea, delivers many intriguing health benefits. Dozens of studies point to tea’s potent antioxidant as well as anticarcinogenic properties. The polyphenols are the active ingredients in green tea and possess antioxidant, inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. Green tea and the other teas (such as white tea, which is what green tea begins as) show a good deal of promise for skin. The anti-inflammatory properties of tea (black, green, and white), rich in antioxidants including Vitamin A, C and E and polyphenols, help to neutralize tissue damaging free radicals and soothe irritated skin and hair, especially after sun exposures.
Bergamot Orange (Citrus Tree) – Bergamotto Essence with antiseptic, balsamic, vascularizing, antirheumatic and healing properties. The Bergamot Essential Oil is the main component of the original Eau de Cologne and many other beauty products. It is an excellent disinfectant and is well combined with other aroma-therapy oils like neroli, sandal and ylang ylang. Expressed from the orange rind. Known for its high levels of Vitamin C affiliation and acts as a natural fragrance oil for the skin. Perfect for freshening up skin instantly.
Guarana – Guaranà Guarana is a shrub or small tree in the Sapindaceae family, native to Venezuela and northern Brazil. The seed of the Guaraná fruit is a central nervous system stimulant with thermogenic and diuretic properties. This herb contains two and a half times more caffeine than coffee: for this reason is particularly effective with cellulite treatments.
Henna – Henné Henna or Hina (Lawsonia inermis) is a flowering plant native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, southern Asia, and northern Australia in semi-arid zones. Henna has many traditional and commercial uses, the most common being as a dye for hair, skin and fingernails, a dye and preservative for leather and cloth, and as an anti-fungal. It even develops astringent and healing benefits on skin.
Birch – Betulla Natural extract high in tannins and flavonoids. It is antiseptic and a traditional remedy for eczema, psoriasis with antinflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It acts against water retention and fat surplus. For this reason, birch is usually included in oily skin products and anti-cellulite treatments.
Hop – Luppolo It restores shape and shine to the skin with stretch marks, relaxed and mature.
Bisabolol – Bisabololo Primary constituent of the essential oil from chamomile is highly effective as soothing and calming remedy. It develops a protective and relaxing action on hair and skin, removing and healing irritations and itches.
Horse Chestnut – Ippocastano Aescin, is the active ingredient in Horse Chestnut seed. Horse Chestnut is an astringent, anti-inflammatory herb that helps to tone the vein walls. The plant also reduces fluid retention and increases circulation. Extract of seeds of the horse chestnut have similar properties to Horse Chestnut bark extract but contain more esculin, an antioxidant compound whose sun-protective properties are being studied.
Moreover, it is effective in treatments for thin and fragile hair, for sensitive and irritated skin and for successful anti-cellulite treatments.
Bitter Orange – Arancio Amaro With Neroli flower oil and Petit-Grain (extracted from the leaves) the bitter orange oil extracted by the orange peel is included in many cellulite treatments, where it acts by regularizing the situation in the affected area and stimulating cutaneous tone. Moreover, it restore the skin, activate the cells turnover, treat the aging, care inflammation and stimulate the body defenses.
Hydrdolized Keratin – Cheratina Idrolizzata Keratin is the main natural hair component. The proteins included in the hydrolyzed keratin have healthy and combing a effects on hair.
Blackcurrant – Ribes Nero The Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) is a species of currant native to central and northern Europe and northern Asia. The small fruits of blackcurrant, rich in Vitamin C, perfumed and sourish, have emollient, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic and cells normalizinf properties.
Hydroxyproline – Idrossiprolina Hydroxyproline is a major component of the protein collagen. Hydroxyproline and proline play key roles for collagen stability. They permit the sharp twisting of the collagen helix. It helps provide stability to the triplehelical structure of collagen by forming hydrogen bonds. Hydroxyproline is found in few proteins other than collagen. The only other mammalian protein which includes hydroxyproline is elastin. For this reason, hydroxyproline content has been used as an indicator to determine collagen and/or gelatin amount. Because a lack of hydroxyproline can cause stretch marks it is import to have its levels balanced in order to normalize capillaries and tissues.
Black Maidenhair Fern – Capelvenere Native plant to western and southern Europe, Africa, North America and Central America is rich in tannins with decongestant, soothing, moisturizing properties. Its vegetal essence, mixed with Henné and Buchu, can activate the sebaceous secretion: for this reason, it is included in the hair treatments formulated for dry hair and hair with dandruff.
Hypericus – Iperico St. John’s wort is soothing to the skin and healing to wounds. Useful for strains, sprains, bruises, sciatica and back pain. The active ingredient, hypericin is anti-inflammatory, nervine (calming) and antiseptic. It is often used in cosmetics for skin that is extremely sensitive, irritated or allergic. Rich in tannins, flavonoids, Vitamin C, hypericin, carotene and sugars. Its balsamic, soothing, refreshing and decongestant properties make it helpful in sun care products, for protection and after sun exposure. Moreover, it can be included in cosmetics especially formulated for dry skin, wrinkles and for body treatments on legs and feet.
Black Pepper – Pepe Nero Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The same fruit is also used to produce white pepper and green pepper. Black pepper is native to South India and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions. It is a powerful stimulant, rich in alkaloids, proteins and minerals. Contrariwise the spice that is spicy, the black pepper plant has a sweet and intense aroma and is used topically as a counterirritant.
Iceland Moss – Lichene Islandico Iceland moss (Cetraria islandica) is a lichen whose erect or ascending foliaceous habit gives it something of the appearance of a moss. It grows abundantly in the mountainous regions of northern countries, and it is specially characteristic of the lava slopes and plains of the west and north of Iceland. It is found on the mountains of north Wales, north England, Scotland and south-west Ireland. Its extract has effective anti-inflammatory, purifying and soothing properties, especially exalted in cosmetics for oily skin and anti-acne.
Borago (Borage) – Borraggine A soothing, non-oily skin softener, borage has traditionally been used to encourage healthy circulation. It helps reduce the appearance of visible capillaries and varicose veins. Rich in Vitamin F, it develops a successful hydrating and purifying action for getting skin and hair stronger and more elastic.
Imperata Cylindrica Root Extract – Estratto di Imperata Cilindrica It is a perennial rhizomatous grass native to east and southeast Asia, India, Micronesia and Australia. It is an hydrating agent with healthy benefits on skin.
Brewer’s Yeast – Lievito di Birra Brewer’s yeast is derived from the unicellular fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which causes the fermentation process basic to the brewing of beer. Dried brewer’s yeast is a rich source of several nutrients, including the B vitamins thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, folate, vitamin B12 and biotin, and such trace minerals as chromium and selenium. It also contains beta-glucans (see Yeast Beta- Glucan), ribonucleic acid or RNA (see Nucleic Acids/Nucleotides), para-aminobenzoic acid and myo-inositol. A substance isolated from brewer’s yeast called skin respiratory factor or SRF has found application in some cosmetic and wound-healing products, especially for the oily skin care.
Indian Cress – Indian Cress (Crescione d’Acqua)/Nasturtium Also known as the common garden nasturtium, the whole plant is infused with a spicy, warming quality. Nasturtium is native to South America where the fresh leaves are placed on inflamed wounds and eaten fresh as a spring tonic. Recent research shows an oil extract of the leaves effective against viruses, bacteria and yeasts and in strengthening the immune system. Rich in Vitamins and mineral salts (iron), it develops an effective nourishing action on hair and scalp, preventing and treating anomalous hair losses on men and women. It activates the action of Serenoa Repens (Saw Palmetto) for the hair loss, restoring tone, strength and shine on the hair.
Buchu (Barosma Betulina) – Barosma Betulina (Bucco) Plant native to South Africa: its leaves, rich in essential oils and traditionally used as herbal remedy, activate the local sebaceous secretion effectively treating dandruff.
Ivy (Hedera) – Edera Its natural extract has vascularizing properties especially effective with anti-acne products and cellulite treatments.
Caffeine – Caffeina Caffeine is a xanthine alkaloid compound that acts as a stimulant in humans. It has many properties and uses, acting in the outer and the inner skin layers, with shaping and lifting benefits. Energizing the blood circulation and transforming fat in energy, it drains and comforts the skin.
Jojoba – Olio di Jojoba Highly effective cleanser, conditioner, moisturizer and softener for the skin and hair. A very stable, oil-like liquid wax, derived from the fruit of a desert shrub native to South- West USA and Mexico. Organic, Jojoba oil is highly valued in cosmetics for its moisturizing and emollient (skin softening) effects.
Calendula – Calendula An important healing herb, Calendula is high in carotenes; brightly colored flavonoids. It is very soothing, anti-inflammatory, astringent and antiseptic. Calendula, or pot marigold, is also high in mucilage, saponins and tannins. Calendula is used to promote wound healing and discourage infection. Especially included in beauty products for sensitive and irritated skin.
Kola – Cola Tropical tree T extract with toning and firming properties.
Capsicum – Capsico Capsicum is a genus of plants from the nightshade family (Solanaceae), native to Mexico, and now cultivated worldwide. Rich in effective natural substances is even used in modern Western medicine, especially in topical preparations, as a circulatory stimulant and pain reliever. Its vascularizing and hemodynamic properties are well effective on anti-cellulite treatments.
Larrea Divaricata – Larrea Divaricata Larrea is plant native to arid regions of Mexico and South West USA. Extremely longeval (it can live more than 10.000 years), it develops an effective anti-inflammatory
and soothing action against skin irritations. Moreover, it acts on the rise of body hairs reducing the growth.
Castor Oil – Olio di Ricino Oil from the seed of the “Palma Christi”, the castor bean. Castor oil has many uses internally and externally. It is a superior soothing agent oil with healing properties. As vegetable oil it is used in cosmetics as an emollient, though its unique property is that when dry it forms a solid film that can have water-binding properties. It normalizes the sebaceous secretion, hydrating and nourishing skin, scalp and hair.
Laurel – Alloro Aromatic evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region. Its leaves guarantee effective stimulating, antiseptic, soothing and healing benefits. It is highly suggest for relaxing and toning treatments. Especially effective on physical injuries, arthrosis, alopecia, psoriasis and skin diseases.
Cedar – Cedro The essential oil of Cedar, already used by the Egyptians for the mummifying rituals, is deeply aromatic, viscous and with a pleasant camphorated fragrance. It favors the functioning of the urinary and respiratory systems, relieving skin and hair problems as eczemas and baldness.
Lavandin (Lavandula Hybrida) – Lavandino Lavandin, mixed breed of Lavandula Officinalis and Lavandula Latifolia, has a remarkable balancing effect on the nervous system, relieving anxiety, depression and insomnia and encouraging calmness and serenity. Lavandin is incredibly versatile and has beneficial effects on all the systems of the body. Excellent for high blood pressure, heart palpitations and other cardiac disorders due to its sedative action on the heart. Lavandin provides pain relief, relieves spasm and soothes inflammation in conditions such as arthritis, muscular aches and pains, rheumatism, cramps, sprains and strains. Lavandin is renowned as an immune booster and is recommended for protection against all infections, viruses, colds and throat disorders. Lavandin is invaluable for all skin care due to its powers of rejuvenation and balancing effects. Helps to heal burns, sunburn, acne, boils, bruises, eczema, fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, psoriasis, infectious skin conditions such as scabies and chicken pox, and wounds and sores of all descriptions.
Cellulose – Cellulosa Polysaccharide of beta-glucose that forms the primary structural component of green plants. It is a significant help for the headdress, guaranteeing the best silky hairstyle.
Lavender – Lavanda Lavender oil has antiseptic qualities which make it suitable for helping to treat a wide range of infections. The cool dispersing and relaxing qualities of lavender benefit head pain and general unrest. When used in bath and body products, Lavender instills a sense of calmness and composure. In products for oily skin and anti-acne is used for its effective purifying and bactericide properties. If mixed with chamomile and geranium it has powerful effects on skin.
Centella Asiatica – Centella Asiatica Centella asiatica is a small herbaceous annual plant of the family Apiaceae, native to Australia, Pacific Islands, New Guinea, Melanesia, Malesia and Asia. Its extract has healing, toning and slimming properties. Especially included in anti-cellulite and forming preparations.
Lemon – Limone Is anti-viral & anti-infectious in nature which makes it perfect in toning and antiseptic beauty products. Lemons and other citrus fruits have health benefits. They contain Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) which is essential to human health. Lemons contain unique flavonoid compounds that have antioxidant properties. Because of its high Vitamin C content, lemon has been touted in alternative medicine as a tonic for the digestive system, immune system, and skin, especially for treating aging stains of face and hands. In the Ayurvedic medicine a cup of hot water with lemon juice in it tonifies and purifies the liver.
Ceramides – Ceramidi Ceramides, as lipid molecules, are substances naturally present within the hair fibers and the skin. Included in the skin care products have hydrating and protecting effects. In the hair products, the ceramides improve the hair tone, with shining and fixing benefits.
Licorice – Liquirizia Liquorice, a herbaceous perennial, is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) and native to southern Europe and parts of Asia. It has significant refreshing, soothing, anti-inflammatory and balancing benefits on skin.
Chamomile – Camomilla Including essential oil, Vitamin E, potassium, azulene and bisabolol it develops an antibacterial, healing, antiallergic and soothing action. Used for treating acne, stains, edemas, it is included in decongesting and calming products. Moreover, it is effective against dandruff, dry skin, eczemas, irritation, dehydration and allergies.
Lime Tree – Tiglio Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent from western North America. The trees are generally called linden in North America, and lime in Britain. Major active constituents in linden are flavonoids and glycosides. Flavonoids are potent antioxidants and glycosides are monosaccharides and have water-binding properties. Tilia extract has even a medical use, having a high concentration of active compounds, treating restlessness, hysteria, and headaches. Moreover it has soothing and softening properties on skin and hair, especially after sun exposures or irritations.
Cinnamon – Cannella Evergreen treet native to the Island of Ceylon, is intensively cultivated in the tropical regions. Used by the Egyptians around the 2000 b.C., the oil and the essence of cinnamon have excellent anti-inflammatory, calming, antiseptic and sedating properties. It restores and rejuvenate the skin aspect with its toning, anti-virus and balancing aromatherapy benefits.
Lysine – Lisina Lysine is one of the 20 amino acids normally found in proteins. As essential component of derma it inhibits the negative action of free-radicals and decrease the skin aging process. Moreover, as aspartate it neutralizes the lactic acid in sweat.
Climbazole – Climbazolo Active principle used in shampoos and cleaners as an anti-dandruff and anti-bacteria agent treating the “Pityrosporum ovaole” fungus, the main cause of dandruff.
Maize – Olio di Mais Superossigenato Maize (also known as corn) is a cereal grain that was domesticated in Mesoamerica and then spread throughout the American continents. It spread to the rest of the world after European contact with the Americas in the late 15th century and early 16th century. The oil of maize enriched with oxygen, as historically done by Tibetan monks on Himalaya highs, has calming, soothing and healthy benefits against irritations, allergic reactions and reddening.
Coconut – Cocco The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropical world. Its essential oil guarantees delicate and restoring cleansing. Removes fine lines, firms the skin, helps to revive skin. Has emollient properties. It is extremely helpful in making dry skin feel and look better.
Malt – Malto Barley or other grain that has been allowed to sprout in preparation for brewing. The malt extract is used for producing preparations for reducing sebum production and/or for establishing a normal sebum as well as homeostasis, for the prophylaxis and treatment of acne, blemished skin, greasy hair and dandruff.
Common Sage – Salvia Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a small evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. The essential oil of salvia officinalis is purifying and invigorating. Sage is warming, anti-inflammatory and in homeopathy is thought to have a balancing effect on perspiration. Can be a potent antioxidant. Salvia is Latin for “salvare” to save. It is astringent and antiseptic. Moreover, it is especially effective treating greasy skin and oily hair.
Melissa – Melissa Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a perennial herb in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. The leaves have a gentle lemon scent, related to mint. At the end of the summer, little white flowers full of nectar appear. These attract bees, hence the genus name Melissa (Greek for ‘honey bee’). Its flavour comes from the terpenes citronellal, citronellol, citral, and geraniol. Lemon balm essential oil is very popular in aromatherapy. The essential oil is commonly co-distilled with lemon oil, citronella oil, or other oils, as antibacterial, antiviral calming agent for skin and hair.
Corny Seed – Germe di Grano The corn, native to South America, is worldwide raised today. Its extract develops a restoring action on the hydrolipidic mantle with soothing and nourishing properties. It has a gently cleansing power, normalizing the ph levels of skin and hair.
Menthol – Mentolo The main element in essential oil of peppermint, it is used in body care products for its cooling and soothing properties. Especially great for tired, achy muscles in need of serious relief. It successfully develops analgesic and calming benefits on sensitive skin.
Cranberry – Mirtillo Cranberries are rich in vitamins and minerals such as Zinc and Vitamins B and C. They have detoxifying and purifying properties and most importantly are known to be potent antioxidants.
Methionine – Metionina Methionine is an essential nonpolar amino acid, and a lipotropic. Methionine and cysteine are the only sulfur containing proteinogenic amino acids. It has abti-free radicals and detoxing properties.
Currant Oil – Olio di Semi di Ribes One of the most rare natural oils with an elevated concentration of omega-6 and omega-3. It soften irritations, itches and normalize the fat acids levels.
Cypress- Cipresso Evergreen plant, native to the Western Mediterranean regions and the Southern Asia areas, with antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, vascularizing, deodorizing and diuretic properties. It is included in products for couperose, anti-edema and in soothing and normalizing preparations for hair and skin.
Milk Globulins – Globuline del Latte Water-soluble proteins extracted W by milk protecting, nourishing and lifting the skin.
Mimosa – Mimosa Mimosa tenuiflora (identified as “The Tree of Skin”), is a perennial evergreen shrub native to the northeastern region of Brazil, and is found as far north as southern Mexico. It is one of many Mimosa species. According to Maya traditions, powder made from its bark (which still bears the name Tepsecohuite), has magical powers for healing wounds suffered by both men and animals. It was utilized as an analgesic and preparation to heal and cicatrize the skin.
Mineral Salts – Sali Minerali Comaker needful for the proper working of several enzymes. Without minerals the cell can not produce energy and neutralize dangerous substances like free radicals.
Elastin – Elastina Elastin, is a protein in connective tissue that is elastic and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting. Elastin helps skin to return to its original position when it is poked or pinched. It can make a proteinic cover on skin and hair.
Myrtle – Mirto The Myrtle (Myrtus) is a genus of one or two species of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, native to southern Europe and north Africa. It is sacred to the Greek goddess of love, lust and beauty: Aphrodite. They are evergreen shrubs or small trees with pleasantly fragrant leaves. Used for therapeutic and magic-religious rites, its leaves and berries have astringent, soothing, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties especially on skin preparations.
Emollients – Emollienti Naturali Used to rehydrate and thus soothe the skin. Prevents water loss and has a softening and soothing effect on skin.
Nasturtium – Estratto di Nasturtium Rich in sugar and purifying compounds it normalizes the excessive sebaceous secretion, alleviating the heaviness feeling from the hairstyle.
Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF) – Fattore di Idratazione Naturale One of the primary elements in keeping skin healthy is making sure the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) is intact. That structure is defined and created by skin cells that are held together by the intercellular matrix. The intercellular matrix is the “glue” or “mortar” between skin cells that keep them together. It helps prevent individual skin cells from losing water and creates the smooth, non-flaky appearance of healthy, intact skin. The components that do this are often called natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) or ingredients (like that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin. While the oil and fat components of skin prevent evaporation and provide lubrication to the surface of skin, it is actually the intercellular matrix along with the skin’s lipid content that gives skin a good deal of its surface texture and feel.
Oat – Avena Rich in mineral salts and carbohydrates has effective soothing and refreshing qualities.
Escin – Escina Betasitosterolo Extracted from chestnut tree it has astringent properties for anti-edemas and vascularizing treatments, as well for varicose veins, pain, tiredness, tension, swelling in the legs and itching.
Octopirox – Piroctone Olamina Oleamine salt especially effective as anti-dandruff agent. It normalizes the scalp cells turnover, one of the main causes of dandruff.
Essential Oils – Oli Essenziali Volatile (evaporating) oils derived from parts of plants (flower, leaves, roots, woods or herbs). Can be obtained by distillation, by pressure or by solvent extraction. Usually very fragrant and commonly used in aromatherapy practices. Regarded as very expensive additives to any personal care products, as natural simple ingredients as opposed to more complicated, synthetic additives.
Oleanoic Acid (OA) – Acido Oleanoico Extracted by Olive’s leaves, it develops a successful action against 5-Alpha Reductase enzyme, one of the most common causes of hair loss.
Ethylene glycol – Etildiglicole Compound that favors the active principles action included in the beauty products. Ethylene glycol is commonly used in laboratories to precipitate ou intermediary step in fractionation, purification and/or crystallization out proteins in solution. This is often an Ethylene glycol is also used in the manufacture of some vaccines.
Oligopeptides – Oligopeptidi Oligopeptide consists of a small number of amino acids linked together with restoring effects on skin and hair.
Eyeliss – Eyeliss Patented and trademarked ingredient containing three active ingredients that help reducing puffiness and bags under the eyes. Puffy eyes are due to fluid build-up caused by poor drainage, fragile capillaries, and loss of elasticity. Fluid leaks into surrounding tissues and produces “bags”. Eyeliss targets all three conditions by improving drainage, reducing cap capillary fragility, and reducing irritation and skin slackening while increasing skin firmness and elasticity.
Farnesol – Farnesolo Farnesol is a component of essential oils such as rose, citronella, neroli, cyclamen, lemon grass, tuberose, rose, musk, balsam, tolu and ylang-ylang. Current research is revealing anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating properties. Farnesol has known antibacterial properties and has been used to normalize oil production and smooth wrinkles, support skin elasticity and cell regeneration. It is used in perfumery to emphasize the odors of sweet floral perfumes. It reduces the bacterial proliferation, main cause of bad smell.
Palm Oil – Olio di Palma Palm oil is a form of edible vegetable oil obtained from the fruit of the oil palm tree. It has emollient and antioxidant properties for skin.
Pantenol – Pantenolo Alcohol form of vitamin B with volumizing and shining benefits on hair.
Passiflora Incarnata – Pianta della Tranquillità Maypop (Passiflora incarnata), also known as Purple passionflower, is a fast growing perennial vine with climbing or trailing stems. A member of the passionflower genus Passiflora, the Maypop has large, intricate flowers with prominent styles and stamens. One of the hardiest species of passionflower, it is a common wildflower in the southern United States. Traditionally, the fresh or dried whole plant has been used as a herbal medicine to treat nervous anxiety and insomnia. The dried, ground herb is frequently used in Europe by
drinking a teaspoon of it in tea. Other common names include Wild apricot and May apple. It is a traditional help for stress, anxiety and insomnia.
Patchouli – Patchouli Patchouli is a tropical member of the mint family. The scent of patchouli is heavy and strong. It has been used for centuries in perfumes, and is grown in the East and West Indies. The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried leaves of the plant. It has relaxing and healing properties. Moreover, it has purifying and anti-inflammatory benefits on skin (acne) and hair (dandruff).
Peppermint – Menta/Mentha Piperita Peppermint (Mentha piperita) is a sterile hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). It is occasionally found wild with its parent species in central and southern Europe, but the first intentional cross breed of watermint and spearmint was done in England. Being sterile, it spreads by rooting Extracted from dry peppermint leaves is known for its stimulating effects induce circulation. Great for tired feet where circulation is needed most. Peppermint is generally regarded as ‘the world’s oldest medicine’, evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago. Peppermint can also be found in shampoo widely used to help with archeologicals and soaps, which give the hair a minty scent and produce a cooling sensation on the skin.
Peptides – Peptidi/Peptidi Solforati Proteins are comprised of a long chain of amino acids, and individual portions of proteins are known as peptides. In the body, peptides regulate the activity of many systems. This regulation is achieved by interaction of the peptide with a target cell. Enzymatic activity breaks proteins into peptides so they can exert their influence on the body. Some peptides have hormonal activity, others demonstrate immune activity, some are cell-communicating ingredients telling cells how to react and what to do, some are believed to play a role in wound healing, and still others are thought to influence the pathology of skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis and eczema.
Phenylalanine – Fenilalanina Essential alpha-amino acid effective as melanin normalizer.
Potassium Aspartate – Aspartato di Potassio Mineral salt with reinforcing properties, restoring and relaxing the skin.
Propolis – Propoli It restores to scalp and hair hydration, softness and brightness. Made by è bees, the propolis helps to protect the beehive against germs. As well, propolis protects scalp from the uncontrolled proliferation of dandruff.
Proteoglycans – Mucopolissaccaridi Proteoglycans are a major component of the animal extracellular matrix, the ‘filler’ substance existing between cells in an organism. Here they form large complexes, both to other proteoglycans, to hyaluronan and to fibrous matrix proteins (such as collagen). They are also involved in binding cations (such as sodium, potassium and calcium) and water, and also regulating the movement of molecules through the matrix. Evidence also shows they can affect the activity and stability of proteins and signalling molecules within the Matrix. With collagen and elastin they assure the skin integrity. Similar to water they increase the skin water balance.
Red Chincona – China Rossa This plant extract develops a significant toning and stimulating action reinforcing the hair structure.
Red Seaweed – Alga Rossa From the ocean’s depths this sea plant develops an effective firming action on adipose cells, toning and reducing the orange peel effects. The skin results smooth and silky.
Red Vine – Vite Rossa For thousands of years, the fruit and plant of Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine, have been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. Rich in tannins, flavonoids and polyphenols it has effective soothing, draining and reinforcing properties. Especially suggested for body treatments for cellulite, edemas and puffy eyes.
Rosemallow (Hibiscus) – Hibiscus Esculentus Rosemallow is a large genus of about 200-220 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Extracts of some hibiscus species are claimed to have health benefits, including prevention of constipation, bladder infections and nausea, and high blood pressure. Hibiscus is considered to have medicinal properties in the Indian traditional system of medicine, Ayurveda. Its extract inhibits the muscular contraction that causes wrinkles and aging signs around eyes, lips and forehead.
Rosemary – Rosmarino Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region and in Uruguay. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which also includes many other herbs. Externally it can be used in hair lotions; a few drops of Rosemary oil massaged into the scalp, then rinsed with an infusion of nettles can revitalize the hair. Used in this manner, it is supposed to prevent premature baldness. Rosemary is also reported to stop dandruff. For this reason, compounds in rosemary strengthen capillaries and stimulate circulation of scalp and hair follicles, encouraging vigorous hair growth. Moreover, rosemary is rich in volatile oils, flavonoids and phenolic acids that are strongly antiseptic, antiflammatory, toning and relaxing properties especially effective in treatments for in oily skin, wrinkles, cellulite
and varicose veins.
Rosewater – Acqua di Rose Also known as rose hydrosol or distillate of rose petals, rose water is derived from the condensed steam produced during distillation of rose essential oil. The oily component is essential oil, while the watery portion is rose water. Rich in soothing, water-soluble compounds particularly beneficial for sensitive skin with its comforting and refreshing benefits.
Ruscus – Rusco Ruscus is a genus of six species of flowering plants in the family Ruscaceae, formerly classified in the family Liliaceae. The genus is native to western and southern Europe (north to southern England), Macaronesia, northwest Africa, and southwestern Asia east to the Caucasus. The ruscus aculeatus (Butcher’s broom), as a low evergreen Eurasian shrub of the lily family, can reduce edema and venous problems with its anti-inflammatory and toning properties for skin.
Salicylic Acid (SA) – Acido Salicilico Beta hydroxy acid with a keratolytic normalizing action.
Sandalwood – Sandalo Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. Species of this tree are found in Nepal, southern India, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, South Pacific islands and Australia. It is used as fragrance in perfume and incense, and for woodworking. Some temples have been built with sandalwood in India and these retain the aroma for centuries. Jewelry boxes, fans, and ornate carvings continue to be made in many parts of Asia, especially India, using sandalwood. Sandalwood essential oil provides perfumes with a striking wood base note. Sandalwood smells are not unlike other wood scents with the exception that it has a bright and fresh edge with few natural analogues. When used in smaller proportions in a perfume, it is an excellent fixative to enhance the head space of other fragrances. Sandalwood essential oil was popular in medicine up to 1920-1930, mostly as urogenital (internal) and skin (external) antiseptic. Its main component santalol (~90%) has antimicrobial property. It
is used in aromatherapy and Sandalwood oil is also used to prepare soaps. Moreover, it is especially effective treating acne, dry or sensitive skin, and even as after shave calming agent.
Savory – Santoreggia Savory (Satureja) is a genus of about 30 species of annual or perennial herbs and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Its essential oil develop a soothing, refreshing and antiseptic action, normalizing the sebaceous secretion of oily skin and skin with acne.
Saw Palmetto – Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens, the saw palmetto, is the sole species currently classified in the genus Serenoa. It has been known by a number of synonyms, including Sabal serrulatum, under which name it still often appears in alternative medicine. It is a small palm and it grows in clumps or dense thickets in sandy coastal lands or as undergrowth in pine woods or hardwood hammocks. It is endemic to the southeastern United States, most commonly along the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains, but also as far inland as southern Arkansas. The plant extract, when taken orally, has been shown in short-term trials to be efficacious in reducing the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Saw palmetto’s reputation is primarily based on the fact that it can reduce the presence of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone, reducing hair loss. Moreover, it has an antiinflammatory effect on skin.
Scots Pine – Pino Silvestre The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. In the north of its range, it occurs from sea level to 1000 m, while in the south of its range, it is a high altitude mountain tree, growing at 1200-2500 m altitude. Its extract has soothing, balming and normalizing properties.
Sea Salts – Sali di Mare Sea salt, obtained by evaporating seawater, is used in cooking and cosmetics. Areas that produce specialized sea salt include the Cayman Islands, France, Ireland, Colombia, Sicily, Apulia in Italy, Maine and Cape Cod in the United States. Sea salt can also be used (in solution) as a hair product. It is sprayed lightly into the hair (especially if thin and fragile) creating a tousled, messy texture and is often used in creating larger, more adventurous styles. Moreover, the sea salts provide nourishment and the regeneration needed for a healthy body and beautiful skin. They exfoliate and revitalize the skin while helping eliminate toxins.
Shea Butter – Burro di Karité Obtained from the horse chestnut-like seeds of the Shea tree. Growing wild and cultivated in the savanna of the Sudan, and headwater regions of the Niger and Nile rivers it is valued as a rich food source. Also known as “Karite”, this certified organic oil is an excellent emollient and emulsifier. Shea butter protects against drying, accelerates healing of superficial wounds and irritations and has a slight photo-protective action. Rich in unsaturated fatty acids antioxidant Vitamin E it is highly stable. Shea butter, especially known for its moisturizing cosmetic properties, can be highly effective at treating the following conditions: fading scars, eczema, burns, rashes, acne, severely dry skin, blemishes, dark spots, skin discolorations, chapped lips, stretchmarks, wrinkles and in lessening the irritation of psoriasis. Shea butter provides natural UV sun protection, although the level of protection is extremely variable, ranging from none at all to approximately SPF3. As wellness help it comforts the skin without oily and greasy effects. Therefore, Shea Butter is used to nourish dry, irritated or sensitive skin. Shea butter also helps cell regeneration and capillary circulation. This favours the healing of small wounds, skin cracks and crevices, and skin ulcers. In the cosmetic field, this property is an asset against skin aging as it has restructuring effects on the epidermis. Dry skin, dermatitis, dermatoses, eczema, sun burn, and burns are all helped by natural shea butter. It has an anti-elastase characteristic which makes it a good active
ingredient against stretch marks.
Shii Take – Shii Take A mushroom that grows on oak trunks. So called the “Long Life Elixir” by the Chinese Emperors, it has highly firming properties. It inhibits the enzymes that cause the body relaxation and the stretch marks. Containing precious amino-acids, Vitamins B, E, C, A and the rare D2, it effectively firms the legs.
Silanols – Silanoli They normalize capillaries permeability, preventing stretch marks. Silanols are compounds containing silicon atoms to which hydroxy substituents bond directly. They are considered to be heavier analogues of alcohols. The action of silanols and hydroxyproline has restoring benefits on collagen and suppleness of tissues.
Soya – Soia The soybean (U.S.) or soya bean (UK) (Glycine max) is a species of legume native to Eastern Asia. It is an annual plant that may vary in growth, habit, and height. It is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent for skin. Soy is one of many phyto (plant) chemicals that are biologically active against free radicals. Polyphenol compounds, such as the catechins found in green tea, also fit this profile. Soy extract’s increased use in anti-aging products is largely due to studies showing that genistein (a component of soy) has a collagen-stimulating effect and that various compounds in soy influence skin thickness and elasticity. Researchers have also looked at Bifidobacterium-fermented soy milk extracts. This bacteria-modified form of soy was shown to stimulate production of hyaluronic acid in skin. Moreover, its active principles guarantee soft cleansing treatments, protecting and soothing skin and hair.
Tea Tree Oil – Melaleuca Alternifolia It is often used as a natural disinfectant and deodorizer. This very versatile essential oil is derived from the Malaleuca Tree, which grows in North America. Tea Tree Oil is believed to have antibacterial, antifungal, and healing properties and is thought to be useful in treating acne and cold sores.
Tepezcohuite – Mimosa Tenuiflora The Spanish name for Mimosa tenuiflora extract. It is used traditionally to treat wounds and burns. Suggested for treating skin after sun burns and preventing erythema reactions.
Theophylline – Teofillina Theophylline, also known as Dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma under a variety of brand names. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to caffeine. It is naturally found in tea, although in trace quantities, significantly less than therapeutic doses. The main actions of theophylline are: relaxing of bronchial smooth muscle, positive inotropic (increasing heart muscle contractility and efficiency), positive chronotropic (increasing heart rate), increase of blood pressure, increase of renal blood flow and some anti-inflammatory effects.
Thermal Peat – Torba Vegetale Vegetable Peat is a special and rare 100 % vegetable mud derived from the slow transformation of organic vegetable matter in lake basins, marshes or seas. A good Vegetable Peat forms over thousands of years in clean water that is being replaced continuously. Moreover, Vegetable Peat, when it is harvested, needs special and innovative reprocessing to render it suitable for use in cosmetics and medicines. It is these elements that constitute the strength of the cosmetics based on Vegetable Peat. Vegetable Peat therefore is endowed with significant physio-chemical and cosmetic characteristics, as well as being rich in carbohydrates, uric acid, lignin, pectic substances, tannin and sugars. In addition, it contains proteins, peptones, and amino acids: all natural ingredients. The therapeutic activity of Vegetable Peat is due above all to the presence of sterols: it can be used in antirheumatic bath therapy, in the treatment of psoriasis, and for muscular and bone traumas. In particular, from the point of view of cosmetics, Vegetable Peat turns out to be an extremely effective natural tool in the treatment of numerous imperfections: acne-prone skin, ugly cellulite, loose skin, stretch marks, wrinkles, hair loss, dandruff, etc.
Thyme – Timo Thyme (Thymus) (pronounced “time”) is a genus of about 350 species of aromatic perennial herbaceous plants and sub-shrubs to 40 cm tall, in the family Lamiaceae and native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. Ancient Egyptians used thyme in embalming. The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing that thyme was a source of courage. It was thought that the spread of thyme throughout Europe was thanks to the Romans, as they used it to purify their rooms. In the European Middle Ages, the herb was placed beneath pillows to aid sleep and ward off nightmares. Medicinally thyme is used for respiratory infections in the form of a tincture, tisane, salve, syrup or by steam inhalation. It can have potent antioxidant, antiseptic and astringent properties, especially on oily skin. Moreover, it is effective on arthritis, sprains, infections and dandruff.
Triethylcitrate – Trietilcitrato A simple compound of ethyl alcohol and citric acid. Gently acidifies the skin’s pH with a time release of citric acid. A more acidic pH temporarily inactivates odor producing enzymes. It prevents and removes the bad smells without obstructing perspiration and spoiling the natural bacterial flora.
Tyrosine – Tirosina Tyrosine is one of the 20 amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins. This amino acid in skin initiates the production of melanin (melanin is the component of skin that gives it “color”). Tyrosine is important to the structure of almost all proteins in the body. It supports an intensive tan.
Vervain – Verbena Essential oil with astringent and toning properties.
Vetiver – Vetiver Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) is a perennial grass of the Poaceae native to India.”Vetiver” name is native to Tamil language. Old Tamil literature mentions the usage of vetiver for medical purposes. Vetiver is mainly cultivated for the fragrant essential oil distilled from its roots. Due to its excellent fixative properties, vetiver is used widely in high end perfumes. Major producers of the oil include Haiti, Java, China, India, Brazil and Japan. The United States, Europe, India and Japan are the main consumers. Such fragrant component in skin-care products has antibacterial, healing, purifying and anti-seborrhea properties.
Vitamin A – Vitamina A Antioxidant, great for skin disorders. It develops a nourishing and softening action on hair too.
Vitamins B – Vitamine del Gruppo B The B vitamins are eight water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Historically, the B vitamins were once thought to be a single vitamin, referred to as Vitamin B (much like how people refer to Vitamin C or Vitamin D). The B vitamins often work together to deliver a number of health benefits to the body. B vitamins have been shown to: support and increase the rate of metabolism, maintain healthy skin and muscle tone, enhance immune and nervous system function and promote cell growth and division (including that of the red blood cells that help prevent anemia). Together, they also help combat the symptoms and causes of stress, depression, and cardiovascular disease. All B vitamins are water soluble, and are dispersed throughout the body. They must be replenished daily, since any excess is excreted in the urine. Moreover, they restore tone and volume to the hair.
Vitamin C – Vitamina C Considered a potent antioxidant for skin. Vitamin C is also a valuable antioxidant and protectant against photodamage that is created by sunlight in both the UVB and UVA bands. Topical vitamin C does not absorb or block harmful ultraviolet radiation like a sunscreen. Instead, it augments the skin’s ability to neutralize reactive oxygen singlets [free-radical damage] that are created by the ultraviolet radiation, thereby preventing photodamage to the skin. It becomes an integral part of the skin and remains unaffected by bathing, exercise, clothing, or makeup. Used appropriately, topical vitamin C is an important adjunct to the use of sunscreens, an adjunctive treatment to lessen erythema [redness] in skin surfacing, a helpful adjunct or an alternative to Retin-A in the treatment of fine wrinkles, and a stimulant to wound healing.
Vitamin E – Vitamina E Considered an antioxidant superstar. Vitamin E is a lipid-soluble vitamin (meaning it likes fat better than water) that has eight different forms, of which some are known for being excellent antioxidants when applied topically to skin, particularly alpha tocopherol and the tocotrienols. Vitamin E is the major naturally occurring lipid soluble, antioxidant protecting skin from the adverse effects of oxidative stress including photoaging [sun damage], thereby providing possibilities to decrease the frequency and severity of pathological events in the skin. Moreover, it develops a successful hydrating and strengthening action on skin and hair with its anti-inflammatory, anti-itch and soothing properties.
Vitamin F – Vitamina F Name sometimes used to represent essential fatty acids of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These are considered essential fatty acids (EFA) because they cannot be produced by the body. There are many fatty acids that have benefit for skin, including arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, and oleic acids to name a few. These all have emollient, water-binding, and often antioxidant properties for skin and hair.
Vitamin H – Vitamina H Biotin, also known as Vitamin H or B7, it is a water-soluble vitamin produced in the body by certain types of problem intestinal bacteria and obtained from food. Considered part of the B complex group of vitamins, biotin is necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids (the building blocks of protein). Biotin supplements are often recommended as a natural product to counteract the of hair loss in both children and adults. The signs and symptoms of biotin deficiency include hair loss which progresses in severity to include loss of eye lashes and eye brows in severely deficient subjects. For this reason, it helps and nourished the growth of hair.
Wheat – Frumento Cereal rich in proteins with normalizing and keratin restoring benefits on skin and hair.
White Nettle – Ortica Bianca Evergreen mountain plant native to the Northern-Central regions of Italy rich in carotene, Vitamin C, chlorophyll, tannin, potassium, calcium, iron, manganese and silicium. It develops an effective hydrating and decongesting action, treating oily skin air loss and dandruff.
Wild Marjoram – Origano Its essential oil has disinfecting and benefits.
Zinc Salts – Sali di Zinco Included in several active enzymes through the cellular breathing process and the proteins synthesis as skin and hair beauty agent.
Witch-hazel – Hamamelis Plant native to North America and Europe, it is rich in tannins that have a toning and strengthening effect on the skin’s proteins. Both leaf and bark are used primarily in used essences—alcohol and water extracts- with soothing and decongesting properties. The extract of the leaves and bark of the Hamamelis Virginia plant is effectively as an effective astringent. It can dry out spots, reduce oil on the skin, and soothe bruises and sprains. Puffy eyes can be refreshed with refrigerated witch hazel-soaked pads.
Ylang Ylang – Ylang Ylang Ylang-ylang is a small but beautiful flower of the cananga tree. The name ylang-ylang is derived from Tagalog, either from the word ilang, meaning “wilderness”, alluding to its natural habitat, or the word ilang-ilan, meaning “rare”, suggestive of its exceptionally delicate scent. The plant is native to the Philippines and Indonesia and is commonly grown in Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. The fragrance of ylang-ylang is rich and deep with notes of rubber and custard, and bright with hints of jasmine and neroli. The essential oil of the flower is obtained through steam distillation of the flowers and separated into different grades according to when the distillates are obtained. The main aromatic component of ylang-ylang is methyl anthranilate. The essential oil of ylang-ylang is used in aromatherapy. It is believed to relieve high blood pressure, normalize sebum secretion for skin problems, and is considered to be an aphrodisiac. Moreover, it has antiseptic, restoring and relaxing properties on skin and hair.